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Oklahoma Native Plants


To print a take-along list of native trees, shrubs & grasses, click here.
To print a take-along list of native plants & herbs, click here.
   

TREE

           
Scientific Name Common Name Duration Sun Water
Acer saccharinum Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Acer saccharum Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Betula nigra River birch, Red birch Perennial Part-shade Moist
Carya cordiformis Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Carya illinoinensis Pecan Perennial Sun Moist
Carya texana Black hickory Perennial Part-shade Dry
Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco Perennial Part-shade Dry
Cercis canadensis Eastern redbud, Redbud Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Moist
Cornus drummondii Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon Perennial Part-shade Dry
Fraxinus americana White ash Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash, Red ash Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks Perennial Part-shade Moist
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Juglans nigra Black walnut, Eastern black walnut Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Pinus echinata Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine Perennial Part-shade Dry
Pinus edulis Colorado pinyon pine, Pinyon pine, Two-needle pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon Perennial Part-shade Dry
Pinus taeda Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine Perennial Part-shade Dry
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Prunus mexicana Mexican plum, Bigtree plum Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist, Dry
Quercus marilandica Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak Perennial Part-shade Dry
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Quercus stellata Post oak Perennial Part-shade Dry
Quercus velutina Black oak Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii Western soapberry, Soapberry Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Sassafras albidum Sassafras Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist
Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. lanuginosum Gum bully, Gum Elastic, Chittamwood, Gum bumelia Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Taxodium distichum Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Ulmus alata Winged elm, Wahoo Perennial Part-shade Dry
Ulmus americana American elm, White elm Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Ulmus rubra Slippery elm, Red elm Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum Perennial Part-shade Dry
   

SHRUB

           
Scientific Name Common Name Duration Sun Water
Amelanchier arborea Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Cephalanthus occidentalis Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Wet, Moist
Desmanthus illinoensis Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa Perennial Sun Moist
Ilex decidua Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Juniperus monosperma Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper Perennial Part-shade Dry
Rhus copallinum Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac Perennial Sun Dry
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
   

HERB

           
Scientific Name Common Name Duration Sun Water
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Amsonia ciliata Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar Perennial Part-shade Dry
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Asclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Baptisia australis Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo Perennial Sun Moist
Callirhoe alcaeoides Light poppy-mallow, Light poppymallow, Pink poppy-mallow, Plains poppy-mallow Perennial Sun not available
Callirhoe involucrata Winecup, Purple poppy mallow Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Calylophus serrulatus Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose Perennial Sun Dry
Camassia scilloides Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Dry
Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower Annual Part-shade Moist
Castilleja indivisa Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush Annual Sun Dry
Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower Annual Sun Moist
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Coreopsis grandiflora Largeflower tickseed, Large-flower tickseed, Coreopsis Perennial Part-shade not available
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Coreopsis tinctoria Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis Annual Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur Perennial Sun Moist
Dodecatheon meadia Pride-of-Ohio, Roosterheads, Shootingstar, Pride of Ohio, Eastern shooting star Perennial Part-shade Moist
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower Annual Part-shade Moist
Echinacea angustifolia Black Sampson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Echinacea purpurea Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel, Indian Blanket Annual Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Gaillardia suavis Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia Perennial Part-shade Dry
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain Annual, Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Glandularia canadensis Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain Perennial Part-shade Moist
Helianthus maximiliani Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower Perennial Sun Moist, Dry
Ipomopsis rubra Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia Biennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Iris cristata Dwarf crested iris Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Moist
Lesquerella gracilis Spreading bladderpod, Cloth-of-gold Annual Sun not available
Liatris elegans Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star Perennial Sun Dry
Liatris punctata Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather Perennial Sun Dry
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Ggayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot Perennial Sun Moist, Dry
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Wet, Moist
Lupinus texensis Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower Annual Sun Dry
Monarda citriodora Lemon beebalm, Horsemint, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint Annual Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot, Beebalm Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Monarda punctata Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint Annual Sun Dry
Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Oenothera rhombipetala Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose Annual Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Oenothera speciosa Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups Perennial Sun Moist, Dry
Oxalis stricta Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel Perennial Sun Dry
Packera plattensis Prairie groundsel, Prairie ragwort Biennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Dry
Penstemon buckleyi Buckley's beardtongue Perennial Sun not available
Penstemon cobaea Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Foxglove penstemon, False foxglove, Large-flowered beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Penstemon grandiflorus Large beardtongue, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon Perennial Sun not available
Phlox divaricata Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Moist
Phlox pilosa Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Potentilla simplex Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Dry
Proboscidea louisianica Devil's claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower Annual Sun Dry
Prunella vulgaris Common selfheal Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Ratibida columnifera Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower Perennial Sun Moist, Dry
Rudbeckia fulgida Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan Perennial Sun Moist
Rudbeckia grandiflora Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower Perennial Sun Moist
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan Annual Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Sabatia campestris Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia Annual Part-shade Dry
Salvia azurea var. grandiflora Pitcher sage, Blue sage Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Salvia coccinea Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage Annual, Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Silene virginica Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly Perennial Part-shade Moist, Dry
Silphium laciniatum Compassplant, Compass plant Perennial Sun Dry
Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Babyís breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets Perennial Sun not available
Thelesperma filifolium Stiff greenthread, Greenthread Annual Sun Dry
Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort Perennial Part-shade Dry
Vernonia baldwinii Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed Perennial Sun Moist
Viola pedata Birdfoot violet, Birdís-foot violet, Bird-foot violet Perennial Shade,
Part-shade
Dry
Viola sororia Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet Annual Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
   

GRASS / GRASS-LIKE

           
Scientific Name Common Name Duration Sun Water
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Andropogon hallii Sand bluestem Perennial Sun not available
Bouteloua curtipendula Sideoats grama Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalograss, Buffalo grass Perennial Sun Dry
Bouteloua gracilis Blue grama Perennial Sun Dry
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Eragrostis trichodes Sand love grass, Sand lovegrass Perennial Part-shade not available
Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri Curly-mesquite Perennial Sun Dry
Melica nitens Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass Perennial Part-shade Moist, Dry
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass, Wand panic grass Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist, Dry
Pascopyrum smithii Western wheatgrass Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Moist
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem Perennial Sun,
Part-shade
Dry
Sorghastrum nutans Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass Perennial Sun, Shade, Part-shade Moist, Dry
Spartina pectinata Prairie cordgrass, Freshwater cordgrass, Sloughgrass Perennial Sun Wet
   

CACTUS / SUCCULENT

           
Scientific Name Common Name Duration Sun Water
Opuntia macrorhiza Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear Perennial Sun Dry

Source: Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, Native Plant Information Center

photos by Louise C. Basham


Wild About Piedmont     -     Piedmont's Community Wildlife Habitat Project
phone: 405-202-3984     -     email: habitat@piedmont-ok.com